Intelligence Is Not a Quotient

first_imgCan your intelligence be reduced to a number on a linear scale?  That would be highly misleading, a research study concluded.Neuroscientists from the University of Western Ontario conducted the “largest online intelligence study on record,” including over 100,000 participants joining in a suite of 12 cognitive tests on their computers.  In their press release, “Western-led research debunks the IQ myth,” a short video clip explains how the results contradict the idea that human beings can be ranked based on a single number – one single factor or property on a linear scale – that qualifies as “intelligence.”Intelligence is made up of several parts, Adrian Owen of The Brain and Mind Institute explains on a short video clip in the press release.  John Hampshire of the Institute described how the researchers imaged the brains of some participants with MRI while they completed the 12-item test.  Different parts of the brain lit up when participants performed tests of “memory, reasoning, attention and planning abilities.”  Owen claims that they’ve “shown categorically that you cannot sum up the difference between people in terms of one number.”The experiments did seem to reduce intelligence to three components, “short-term memory, reasoning and a verbal component.”  If scoring intelligence is desirable, there will need to be new methods to assess it.  Further complicating any results are considerations of age, gender and familiarity with computer games.  Even lifestyle choices like smoking can influence the results, they found.If you want to try your mind on their latest version of the intelligence test, go to “The IQ Challenge” on Cambridge Brain Sciences.Actually, our brain similarities may be more profound than the differences.  Science Daily discussed the way the brain can manage categorizing thousands of objects.  There’s not one spot for each category, authors at UC Berkeley found.  “The results demonstrate that the brain efficiently represents the diversity of categories in a compact space. Instead of having a distinct brain area devoted to each category, as previous work had identified, for some but not all types of stimuli, the researchers uncovered that brain activity is organized by the relationship between categories.”  You don’t even have to consciously do the sorting; your brain is equipped to do that automatically.  In Nature last month, Phillip Ball further reported research that shows that the brain’s reading centers are culturally universal.  His article said, “Whether you are reading in Chinese or French, the same brain areas light up.”Did you take an IQ test in school?  Sorry to deflate your pride if you scored well, but the number is meaningless.  Think about it.  Intelligence is a composite skill; you can be good at verbal, but poor at short-term memory.  You can be good at computation or planning, but weak in expressing yourself.  You might be smarter (or dumber) than you think, depending on what is being tested.  Think of an auto mechanic who would be all thumbs on a computer, but has tacit knowledge (savvy) looking under the hood of a car that would leave the computer geek baffled.  Is it fair to rank either of them on the same linear scale?Then there are all the factors that might influence the score when taking the test: how hungry you are, your age, your sex, your mood, what distractions are around, your degree of education.  How can anyone consider IQ as “the number” that characterizes their intelligence?  And who knows the extent to which these skills can vary with practice?  Your intelligence is not a fixed quantity; it can grow.  Even if it were confirmed that capacities for subsections of intelligence are fixed (unlikely), better a 5-gallon bucket that’s full than a 10-gallon bucket that’s one-quarter full.Critics of intelligence tests have often pointed to cultural or racist factors in standardized tests, arguing that the tests are designed to make certain ethnic groups score low.  That criticism remains valid, but this study goes further.  It shows that it’s not even possible in principle to describe intelligence by a single number.Let’s say that further research would allow these scientists to create a composite score: a score for short-term memory, a score for reasoning, and a score for verbal skills.  Our human tendency would be to combine those somehow into an overall score–another IQ fallacy.  Who would have the omniscience to know what weight to assign to each skill?  The result would be a value judgment based on someone’s subjective opinion.  And how do they know that there are only three basic skills?  What other skills are being overlooked, merged, or deemed unimportant?We all have an intuitive notion that some students are smarter than others.  Some race out the door after 20 minutes on a math test while others sweat for the whole allotted time.  Some contestants on Jeopardy can recall answers on a vast spread of topics instantly, but can’t learn to sing.  The fallacy would be to rank these people on a linear scale; on other tests, they might score low.The best way to think of intelligence is to realize everyone is a unique blend of gifts, talents, and abilities.  Every human is as unique as a snowflake.  It takes a diverse collection of individuals to make the world run.  Don’t feel bad if you’re the one sweating the math test; maybe you have a strong E.Q. (empathy quotient), an ability to comfort those in need.  Who could say that is less valuable?  In St. Paul’s analogy of the church as the body of Christ (I Cor. 12), he explains how God assigns spiritual gifts for the good of the whole.  The foot is not more important than the hand; every part is essential.Bible believers can take reassurance that God does not rank us by intelligence.  We’re so far beneaith his standards, we’re all equally dumb.  Here’s the test He wants everyone to pass: “He has shown you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you, but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?” (Micah 6:8).(Visited 58 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Grammy 100S 100 STRANDS Pre Bonded Nail U Tip 100 % Remy Human Straight Hair Extensions BROWN #4 18 inch 18″ 18 in 45 cm – Bit too reddy!

first_img Posted on March 9, 2019Author Nathalie DuboisCategories Hair ExtensionsTags Grammy Wash, cut, flatten, blow dry and curl curls like your own natural hair. not the worst I’ve used but also not the best These extensions are really good quality, however, there were a few grey hairs in them and they were more of a very dark reddy brown as opposed to medium brown as per the picture. They were too dark for me and had way too much redness but my daughter used them and thought they were great so money not wasted. Would buy again though for the quality. Excellent would highly recommend would purchase from again. Received my hair today after only a short wait and way before the estimated delivery date. Like many others i was unsure about this product because if the price, but it is amazing. The hair quality is amazing and soft.Will definitely but purchasing some more. Great hair, great price, bought a few times now. Was really happy thanks so much, client was very happy with quality also the bonds are very good quality and don’t shed would recommend this to anybody. Features of 100S 100 STRANDS Pre Bonded Nail U Tip 100 % Remy Human Straight Hair Extensions BROWN #4 18 inch 18″ 18 in 45 cmMaterial: 100% Unprocessed human hair. Cheap, effective, safe and fun.Size: 18 inchesWash, cut, flatten, blow dry and curl curls like your own natural hair.Adds instant length and volume. We recommend that you buy 2-3 sets.Receiving time 8- 15 days after you purchase!Material: 100% Unprocessed human hair. Receiving them took a long time but they look good and i’m hoping they last a long time and withstand everyday styling. The bonds were correct colour and not too big or bulky. I will be a repeat customer. Fantastic product no matting at all. The quality of the hair is good, only used on manikin though. I would recommend and buy this product again. I was abit unsure as these would be due to the price, got them well before the end of estimated delivery, and arrived in great packaging. The hair itself is great and a perfect colour match. Had them put in yesterday and definetley one of the most comfortable bonds ive had. Will definetley be ordering them again. Size: 18 inches Good quality hair for a cheap price. Very easy to put in due to good quality glue bonds. Very pleased and so was customer. Average quality, not the worst i’ve used but also not the best. When it came i thought this will never do even half a head but i did and is fab maybe could have done with a few more but really good quality. These hair extension are brilliant and such a good price ,i’ve ordered more. And colour is a perfect match you wouldn’t know its fake. Went in nicely, i bought 200 as i needed a lot of hair and there is plenty to go round. Hair good quality for price definitely but if you are used to high end hair you will be disappointed but what do you expect for £13. Styles nicely think it’s going to need a lot of conditioning treatments etc to keep it looking good, i usually spend nearly 300 on hair so i am not complaining for the price at all.Reviews are right that it is a reddish broken but that suits me as i was pillar box a few months ago so still have red lurking, few grey hairs in mine too but easily picked out. Would definitely buy again when i can’t afford my normal hair. Got these extensions and love em wished id got more. I will be purchasing some in the future. Brilliant 100s STRANDS Pre Bonded Nail U Tip 100% Remy Receiving time 8- SummaryReviewer Nathalie DuboisReview Date2019-03-09 20:32:16Reviewed Item 100S 100 STRANDS Pre Bonded Nail U Tip 100 % Remy Human Straight Hair Extensions BROWN #4 18 inch 18″ 18 in 45 cmRating 5.0 / 5  stars, based on  25  reviews Adds instant length and volume.last_img read more

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How Procurement Can Fail Their Company

first_imgA procurement executive recently wrote a post on LinkedIn about how salespeople aren’t good at cold calling.The first half of his post suggests that salespeople use poor opening lines and waste time trying to build rapport, and he’s not wrong. Needless to say, if you are cold calling procurement, you have a lot to learn about selling, about who you want to call, and where you can create value.“Where you create value” bring us to the second half of this procurement executive’s post, and it explains a lot about the disconnect between procurement people and salespeople. This procurement professional suggests that when you call him that you should tell him what you are selling, how you are different from your competitors, and specifically why you think his company would benefit from what you sell.Then he suggests you mail him information and wait for him to need you when he lets an RFP. But he adds two things that he wants you to know: 1). He doesn’t sit around waiting on salespeople to sell him stuff, and 2) He doesn’t share business information with strangers.No Value Created. And None Accepted.One could argue that this procurement person isn’t creating enough value for his company. By refusing to talk to salespeople when he isn’t buying something, he is intentionally cutting himself from new ideas, learning about what other companies are doing to improve their businesses, exploring new products and services, getting to know potential suppliers who might serve him better at a level that generates trust, or proactively working to improve his company.No one knows everything they need to know. No one has a monopoly on good ideas.Ideas Come From Everywhere. Even Outside.Refusing to take calls or meet with salespeople is a myopic view for someone in a leadership role. It’s a mistake for procurement people not to meet with salespeople and get to know the people and the companies they are hiring are well enough to make a decision that’s more than the result of canned responses to boilerplate questions and a price quote (speaking of scripts).The more strategic the decision, the more salespeople you should meet. And the best of the salespeople you meet will do more than sell you a product; they’ll help you shape your strategy.last_img read more

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