M&S lines up new chairman to replace Rose

first_img M&S lines up new chairman to replace Rose Read This Next’A Quiet Place Part II’ Sets Pandemic Record in Debut WeekendFamily ProofHiking Gadgets: Amazon Deals Perfect For Your Next AdventureFamily ProofBack on the Rails for Summer New York to New Orleans, Savannah and MiamiFamily ProofIndian Spiced Vegetable Nuggets: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofAmazon roars for MGM’s lion, paying $8.45 billion for studio behind JamesFamily ProofTortilla Mango Cups: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofYoga for Beginners: 3 Different Types of Yoga You Should TryFamily ProofWhat to Know About ‘Loki’ Ahead of Disney+ Premier on June 9Family ProofCheese Crostini: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily Proof Tags: NULL Share Show Comments ▼ Friday 20 August 2010 8:49 am by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailNoteabley25 Funny Notes Written By StrangersNoteableyBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comAtlantic MirrorA Kilimanjaro Discovery Has Proved This About The BibleAtlantic MirrorTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastElite HeraldKate Middleton Dropped An Unexpected Baby BombshellElite HeraldTrading BlvdThis Picture of Prince Harry & Father at The Same Age Will Shock YouTrading BlvdDo It Houses[Pic] The Most Remarkable Dress Outfits EverDo It Housescenter_img Marks & Spencer is to name Robert Swannell as Sir Stuart Rose’s successor as chairman, according to Sky News. It said Swannell, currently a senior advisor of Citi Europe and chairman of HMV Group, the music and books retailer, would take up the role when Rose steps down next year.A spokeswoman for M&S declined to comment on the report. whatsapp whatsapp John Dunne last_img read more

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Omega Systems to support Luckbox launch

first_imgSports betting CPO says there’s ‘more to come’ after latest product development deal AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Omega Systems to support Luckbox launch Email Address Omega Systems has won the race to provide the core of Luckbox’s esports betting service platform ahead of its full launch early next year.The agreement represents the latest major product development milestone for Luckbox, with further such announcements in the pipeline, according to the company’s chief product officer, Boris Mihov (pictured). Luckbox selected Omega ahead of a shortlist of more than a dozen rivals.“The announcement of a platform provider is the latest significant step in the project – and there’s more news to come related to key technology partners across the business. This includes sportsbook, casino content, UI/UX and a rewards system,” Mihov told iGamingBusiness.com.“From a development point of view, we are working on bringing esports specific functionality to the platform, followed by a full-on betting functionality launch.”Omega Systems will handle player account management and the integration process with the esportsbook engine, casino game providers and payments providers.Luckbox co-founder and CEO Lars Lien said: “Our team met with more than a dozen potential platform providers and Omega was the stand-out choice.“As we have said from day one, player security and regulatory compliance – doing things right – are our core values at Luckbox and Omega’s strength in these aspects was a strong influence on the decision-making process.“Their service offers gambling-grade technology which is fully compliant with the highest regulatory requirements – offering players the best and safest experience.”Omega provides clients with their own gaming and e-commerce platform, allowing total control of their data, operations and player management, utilising any combination of more than 130 integrated third-party gaming providers.Luckbox chief operating officer Quentin Martin added: “Omega offers a cutting-edge tech stack, is fully featured, is completely compliant with all the regulatory requirements, particularly the responsible gaming features which is very important to us due to our values. It is absolutely the right fit.“We shopped around extensively for the right partner and Omega stood out head and shoulders above the rest.”Earlier this month, Luckbox set out plans to establish itself in a number of key markets around the world after becoming the first cryptocurrency-supported esports betting platform to obtain a top-tier gambling licence from the Isle of Man government. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Topics: Sports betting Tech & innovation 17th August 2018 | By contenteditorlast_img read more

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NMBZ Holdings Limited (NMB.zw) Q32019 Interim Report

first_imgNMBZ Holdings Limited (NMB.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2019 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about NMBZ Holdings Limited (NMB.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the NMBZ Holdings Limited (NMB.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: NMBZ Holdings Limited (NMB.zw)  2019 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileNMBZ Holdings Limited is a registered financial-services holding company in Zimbabwe; operating in the retail and commercial banking sector aswell as treasury, international banking and corporate finance through its principle subsidiary NMB Bank Limited. A second subsidiary, Steward Holdings (Private) Limited, is an equity holding company. Formerly known as National Merchant Bank of Zimbabwe Limited, NMB Bank Limited was established as a retail banking institution in 1992 by a group of Zimbabwe entrepreneurs who had held senior positions in renowned international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. It was granted a commercial banking license in 1999 which enhanced its funding capacity and extended it product offering. NMB Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange and London Stock Exchangelast_img read more

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Raj Villa / CSD Office

first_img 2017 ArchDaily Architects: CSD Office Area Area of this architecture project Save this picture!© Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh+ 40 Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/882134/raj-villa-csd-office Clipboard Raj Villa / CSD OfficeSave this projectSaveRaj Villa / CSD Office Iran CopyAbout this officeCSD OfficeOfficeFollowProductsConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesKishIranPublished on October 24, 2017Cite: “Raj Villa / CSD Office” 24 Oct 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogShowerhansgroheShowers – Croma SelectGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ GradationPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Zenith® SeriesWall / Ceiling LightsCocowebLighting – Blackspot LED Barn LightUrban ApplicationsIsland Exterior FabricatorsPublic Safety Answering Center II Envelope SystemCeilingsSculptformTimber Batten Ceiling in All Souls ChapelHanging LampsLouis PoulsenLamp – PH 5 + PH 5 MiniGlazedGrespaniaWall Tiles – Porto PetroThermalSchöckInsulation – Isokorb® Concrete to SteelCeramicsTerrealTerracotta Baguettes in Vork CenterCompositesLamitechPlastic facades PanelexCarpetsHalcyon LakeCarpet – Nobsa GreyMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Iman Memar, Ali Rahi Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/882134/raj-villa-csd-office Clipboard “COPY” Projects Client:Masoud RajabiCity:KishCountry:IranMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Mohammad Hassan EttefaghRecommended ProductsWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensWoodEGGERLaminatesLightsLonghiLamp – AkileleWindowsAir-LuxSliding Window – CurvedDesign IdeaIn the design of this ranch house, attempts are made to meet the qualitative and quantitative spatial needs in accordance with lifestyle and architectural taste of the employer, while considering his experiences in the previous project, his dissatisfaction with the internal spaces, as well as his insistence on compliance with privacy standards in the internal architecture and across the entire building area.Save this picture!© Mohammad Hassan EttefaghThe architecture in this project must comply with the dominant regional rules and regulations (urbanization regulations), meet the employer requirements (modern building, compliance with traditional Iranian architecture, Applicability of indoor spaces) and be compatible with the regional climate (hot weather and intense sunlight). Finally, the impact of the above factors on project architecture led to the formation of the main design idea that mainly aims to eliminate the challenges during the project.  Save this picture!© Mohammad Hassan EttefaghHence, in order to comply with the regional urbanization regulations including the need for construction of sloping roofs, attempts were made to develop a sloping roof facing the western-eastern sides of the building. In order to meet the client needs (development of applicable indoor spaces, and compliance with privacy standards in a modern building):- Attempts were made during the plan design to consider the qualitative and quantitative needs of the client (associated with indoor spaces) and develop both public and private spaces in order to meet the privacy needsSave this picture!Section ASave this picture!Section B- During the design of building façade, attempts were made to combine two simple volumes to develop a modern façade. As for the outdoor façade of the building, due to proximity of the building to street and the possibility of having a direct view of the indoor spaces from outside, attempts were made to use wooden louvers known as “Shenashir” that were traditionally used in the architecture of southern regions of Iran, to develop a brick structure and meet the privacy standards.Save this picture!© Mohammad Hassan EttefaghThe following measurements were taken for compatibility with regional climate:- Use of an architectural element known as  wooden louver or “Shenashir” commonly used in south Iran that prevents rapid heat exchange (due to being located between indoor and outdoor spaces) prevents penetration of intense sunlight indoor spaces, casts a shadow on the pop-up windows and …, reduces moisture levels by controlling air inflow, directs wind towards indoor spaces,  and provides the necessary conditions for Two-way ventilationSave this picture!Section Diagram- Development of maximum openings in the southern and northern sides of the building for optimal ventilation- Use of brick materials in the building façade (due to its high thermal capacity)  – Use of bright colors in the building façade- Development of twin wall structures in order to minimize heat exchangeSave this picture!© Mohammad Hassan EttefaghProject gallerySee allShow lessHouse Welser / ao-architektenSelected ProjectsPlot C – Auto Innovation Park / Atelier Z+Selected Projects Share “COPY” Photographs Area:  252 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Raj Villa / CSD Office Photographs:  Mohammad Hassan Ettefagh Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project CopyHouses•Kish, Iran Manufacturers: Avandad, Heydari, Hormozgan Lead Architects: Year: last_img read more

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The Guide to the Major Trusts 2012-2013: Pt. 2

first_img About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 7 April 2013 | News [amzn_product_post]Grant-making trusts are a key source of funding for charitable activity, which no fundraiser can afford to ignore. The Guide to the Major Trusts series has built a reputation as the definitive source of information in this area. This second volume examines a further 1,100 mainly smaller trusts, which between them give around GBP212 million. The content is compiled both through contact with the trusts themselves and through independent research. Each entry includes: a clear description of the trust’s grant-making policies and practices; a yearly grant total; contact details; areas or subjects the trusts will not consider. The Guide to the Major Trusts 2012-2013: Pt. 2center_img  5 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

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Cranfield introduces MSc in Management and Corporate Sustainability

first_img Tagged with: Management Training Howard Lake | 6 February 2014 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Cranfield introduces MSc in Management and Corporate Sustainabilitycenter_img  27 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Cranfield School of Management is introducing a one-year programme that combines management with specialist modules on corporate sustainability. Students on the full-time MSc in Management and Corporate Sustainability will get the opportunity to work with a corporate partner on a business project and can base their thesis on a sustainable business issue of their choice.Course Director, Dr Andrew Angus explained: “Today, organisations that want to achieve long-term success must consider what is known as the Triple Bottom Line: economic, environmental and social performance. Corporate sustainability is key to organisational success because it is one of the few practices that can positively impact all three elements of the Triple Bottom Line.“Our new programme examines the social, ethical and environmental issues faced by organisations and will equip ambitious managers with the theories, tools and techniques to embed sustainability thinking into their organisations.”The MSc in Management and Corporate Sustainability will begin in September. Image: corporate sustainability by Alex Millos on Shutterstock.comlast_img read more

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CPO Commerce Celebrates its 10-Year Anniversary

first_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Make a comment CPO, America’s leading online tool retailer, is proud to announce that it is celebrating its 10-year anniversary this month. CPO has experienced tremendous growth, adding over 100 respected power tool brands and shipping millions of customer orders since it was founded in 2004.CPO is known for its wide selection of leading brands in the power tool and outdoor power equipment categories, and for its industry-leading selection of factory-reconditioned items offering customers the opportunity to save money without sacrificing quality. According to surveys, reviews and testimonials, customers return to CPO again and again for superior product selection, an easy online shopping experience, competitive pricing, fast shipping and excellent customer service.“We want to thank our vendors and customers,” said Rob Tolleson, President. “We would not be where we are today without their loyal support. I would also like to thank our employees – their persistence, energy and creativity has enabled CPO to achieve a great deal in a short period of time.”CPO will be running a two-week customer appreciation sales event at www.cpooutlets.com to celebrate this milestone.About CPOFounded in 2004, CPO is America’s leading online tool retailer. With over 45 online tool specialty stores, millions of professional and DIY (Do-It-Yourself) customers choose CPO for its wide selection of top brands, great prices, and outstanding customer service. CPO is best known for its industry-leading selection of factory-reconditioned tools and equipment, which offer customers a significant discount on like-new quality tools. CPO’s rapid growth has landed it on Inc. Magazine’s list of the Fastest Growing Private Companies in America for six years in a row. The Company was recently acquired by United Stationers Inc., a leading supplier of business essentials. Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes HerbeautyA Mental Health Chatbot Which Helps People With DepressionHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Most Influential Women In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Beauty Tips That Make Indian Women So BeautifulHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeauty Business Newscenter_img 8 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it More Cool Stuff Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Top of the News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Subscribe Retail News CPO Commerce Celebrates its 10-Year Anniversary From STAFF REPORTS Published on Tuesday, July 22, 2014 | 11:40 am Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

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Centre Notifies Companies (Amendment) Act & Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act [Read Notifications]

first_imgNews UpdatesCentre Notifies Companies (Amendment) Act & Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act [Read Notifications] Akshita Saxena30 Sep 2020 3:14 AMShare This – xThe Central Government on Monday notified the following two Acts to enhance the ease of doing business in India: Companies (Amendment) Act, 2020Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act, 2020 The former was passed by the Parliament on September 22, 2020 to decriminalize minor procedural or technical lapses under the Companies Act, 2013, into civil wrong. It…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Central Government on Monday notified the following two Acts to enhance the ease of doing business in India: Companies (Amendment) Act, 2020Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act, 2020 The former was passed by the Parliament on September 22, 2020 to decriminalize minor procedural or technical lapses under the Companies Act, 2013, into civil wrong. It proposes to amend 64 provisions of the Act to make overall 75 changes, including: Decriminalisation of offences in case of defaults which can be determined objectively and which otherwise lack any element of fraud or do not involve larger public interest; Empowerment of Central Government to de-list certain class of companies, in consultation with SEBI, primarily for listing of debt securities; Incorporation of a new Chapter XXIA in the 2013 Act to govern Producer Companies (earlier governed by the 1956 Act); Setting up of new NCLAT Benches. To Read more about the Companies (Amendment) Act and the Parliamentary Debate upon it, Click Here. The latter Act was also passed by the Parliament on September 22, 2020, with an aim to ensure financial stability and promote competitiveness in Indian financial markets. It provides a legal framework to enable two counterparties in a bilateral financial contract to offset claims against each other to determine a single net payment obligation due from one counterparty to other in the event of default. The provisions of the Act will apply to Qualified Financial Contracts between two qualified financial market participants, where at least one party is an entity regulated by the specified authorities (RBI, SEBI, IRDAI, PFRDA or the IFSCA). To Read more about the Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Act, 2020, Click Here. Click Here To Download Notification [Companies Amendment] Click Here To Download Notification [Bilateral Netting]Next Storylast_img read more

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‘Foreigners Tribunal Acted Half Heartedly’: Gauhati HC Quashes Order Declaring Woman As Foreigner Passed Without Examining Relevant Witness

first_imgNews Updates’Foreigners Tribunal Acted Half Heartedly’: Gauhati HC Quashes Order Declaring Woman As Foreigner Passed Without Examining Relevant Witness Nupur Thapliyal6 Feb 2021 11:54 PMShare This – xThe Gauhati High Court has recently observed that “citizenship of a person is a valuable right” while quashing an order ofa Foreigners Tribal which declared a woman a foreigner.The Court observed that the Tribunal appeared to have acted “half heartedly”, as it did not take serious steps to ensure the attendance of a crucial witness – the Headmaster who issued the school certificate which…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Gauhati High Court has recently observed that “citizenship of a person is a valuable right” while quashing an order ofa Foreigners Tribal which declared a woman a foreigner.The Court observed that the Tribunal appeared to have acted “half heartedly”, as it did not take serious steps to ensure the attendance of a crucial witness – the Headmaster who issued the school certificate which was relied on by the petitioner to trace back her lineage before March 24, 1971(the cut-off date for Assam NRC).”In the case in hand it appears that the Tribunal acted half heartedly while trying to enforce the attendance of the Headmaster of Indira Gandhi L.P. School. We have already mentioned herein before that citizenship of a person is a valuable right and here in this matter the school certificate is the only document to prove the linkage between the petitioner and her father. The petitioner could not prove the school certificate only because of the failure of the Tribunal to enforce the attendance of the Headmaster of Indira Gandhi L.P.School. Therefore, the impugned order suffers from perversity and for this reason alone the impugned order is not sustainable”, observed a division bench comprising Justice Manojit Bhuyan and Justice Parthivjyoti Saikia. The petitioner Nasima Begum was declared as a foreigner of post 1971 stream by the Foreigners Tribunal, Gohpur vide order dated 12.10.2018 which was subject to the challenge of the present petition. The petitioner was issued a notice by the Tribunal after reference was made by the Superintendent of Police asking her to prove her citizenship. It was the case of the petitioner that her father’s name was Sultan Ansari and she had married to one Alal Halder in the year 1998. According to the petitioner her father’s name appeared in the voters lists of 1965 and 1971. The primary issue in the case was that the petitioner only had “school certificate” as a document showing her linkage with her father. When the case reached before the Tribunal, summons were issued at various instances to the School Headmaster asking him to appear before the Tribunal. However, to no avail. It was then that the Tribunal finally delivered the order declaring Nasima to be a foreigner without examination of the Headmaster. At the outset, the bench observed that: “We have already mentioned herein before that citizenship of a person is a valuable right and here in this matter the school certificate is the only document to prove the linkage between the petitioner and her father.” In view of this, the Court observed that the petitioner was unable to prove her citizenship only because of the non appearance of School Headmaster and therefore, the impugned order of the Tribunal suffered from perversity. The bench also took note of the fact that the Tribunal had not taken into consideration the other two documents presented by the petitioner i.e. Gaonbura certificate and a certificate issued by the Secretary of the Panchayat. “We are of the opinion that for the ends of justice at least one more opportunity should be afforded to the petitioner to contest the police reference on merits. In this view of the matter, we set aside the order/opinion dated 12.10.2018, with direction to the petitioner to appear before the Foreigners’ Tribunal-4th, Tezpur at Gohpur on 19.02.2021. It is stated that the petitioner was taken in to custody on 06.05.2019 and is presently lodged at the Tezpur Central Jail. In this situation, we direct the Superintendent of Police (Border), Biswanath to make necessary arrangement to produce the petitioner before the Foreigners’ Tribunal-4th, Tezpur at Gohpur on 19.02.2021. On such production and on application made for bail along with documents, the Tribunal shall take steps to release the petitioner on bail.” The Court ordered.Order Dated: 29.01.2021Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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‘Ad-Hoc Judges Not An Alternative To Regular Appointments’ : Supreme Court Passes Guidelines On Appointment Of Ad-Hoc Judges In HCs Under Article 224A

first_imgTop Stories’Ad-Hoc Judges Not An Alternative To Regular Appointments’ : Supreme Court Passes Guidelines On Appointment Of Ad-Hoc Judges In HCs Under Article 224A Manu Sebastian19 April 2021 10:54 PMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Monday passed a slew of guidelines regarding the appointment of ad-hoc judges in High Courts under Article 224A of the Constitution.A bench comprising Chief Justice of India SA Bobde, Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Surya Kant passed the judgment in the case Lok Prahari vs Union of India. Lok Prahari, an NGO, had approached the Top Court through a PIL filed under Article…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Monday passed a slew of guidelines regarding the appointment of ad-hoc judges in High Courts under Article 224A of the Constitution.A bench comprising Chief Justice of India SA Bobde, Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Surya Kant passed the judgment in the case Lok Prahari vs Union of India. Lok Prahari, an NGO, had approached the Top Court through a PIL filed under Article 32 seeking the invocation of Article 224A to tackle the problem of mounting case arrears in High Courts.The bench had reserved orders on the case on April 15, after hearing the suggestions made on behalf of different High Courts.Article 224A enables a Chief Justice of a High Court, with the previous consent of the President, to request a former High Court judge to “sit and act as a judge” of the High Court to hear cases. The provision has been invoked very rarely in the judicial history of India.While agreeing that the discretion of the High Court Chief Justice cannot be curtailed, the bench said that certain general guidelines are needed so that the power under Article 224A is exercised in a transparent manner.Trigger point to activate Article 224AThe Supreme Court has laid down 5 trigger points which can activate the process under Article 224A.The Trigger Point cannot be singular and there can be more than one eventuality where the it arises –a.If the vacancies are more than 20% of the sanctioned strength.b.The cases in a particular category are pending for over five years.c.More than 10% of the backlog of pending cases are over five years old.d.The percentage of the rate of disposal is lower than the institution of the cases either in a particular subject matter or generally in the Court.e. Even if there are not many old cases pending, but depending on the jurisdiction, a situation of mounting arrears is likely to arise if the rate of disposal is consistently lower than the rate of filing over a period of a year or moreAd-hoc appointments cannot be a substitute for regular appointments; recommendations must be made for at least 20% regular vacancies to invoke Article 224AThe Supreme Court emphasized that ad-hoc appointments cannot be a substitute for regular appointments. The objective is not to appoint ad-hoc judges instead of judges to be appointed to the regular strength of the High Court.”We also have no doubt that we would not like to encourage an environment where Article 224A is sought as panacea for inaction in making recommendations to the regular appointments”, the court said in the judgment.”…the recourse to Article 224A is notan alternative to regular appointments. In order to emphasise this aspect, we clarify that if recommendations have not been made for more than 20% of the regular vacancies then the trigger for recourse to Article224A would not arise”In order to prevent such a situation, the Court held that Article 224A can be resorted to only on the process having being initiated for filling up of the regular vacancies and awaiting their appointments. There should not be more than 20% of the vacancies for which no recommendation has been made for this Article to be resorted to.”In order to emphasise this aspect, we clarify that if recommendations have not been made for more than 20% of the regular vacancies then the trigger for recourse to Article224A would not arise”, the Court observed.Pre-recommendation process:a.Past performance of recommendees in both quality and quantum of disposal of cases should be factored in for selection as the objective is to clear the backlog.b.The Chief Justice should prepare a panel of Judges and former Judges. Naturally this will be in respect of Judges on the anvil of retirement and normally Judges who have recently retired preferably within a period of one year. However, there can be situations where the Judge may have retired earlier but his expertise is required in a particular subject matter. There may also be a scenario where the Judge(s) may prefer to take sometime off before embarking upon a second innings albeit a short one. In the preparation of panel, in order to take consent and take into account different factors, a personal interaction should be held with the Judge concerned by the Chief Justice of the High Court.Methodology of appointmentThe Court noted that paragraph 24 of the Memorandum of Procedure for the appointment of judges deal with the process under Article 224A. While saying that the MoP has no force of a ‘law’ laid down by the Court under Article 141, the bench said that as a starting point, this process can be followed.As per this procedure, the Supreme Court collegium is not involved in the appointment of ad-hoc judges. Paragraph 24 of the MoP is as follows :The Court also held that reference to IB or other agencies will not be required in the case of ad-hoc judges.”We may, however notice that since the Judges are already appointed to the post through a warrant ofappointment, the occasion to refer the matter to the IB or other agencieswould not arise in such a case, which would itself shorten the time period.”Time to complete the processThe Court observed that a period of three months would be sufficient to complete the appointment process.”In view of number of aspects not required to be adverted to for appointment under Article 224A we are of the view that a period of about three months should be sufficient to process a recommendation and, thus, ideally a Chief Justice should start the process three months in advance for such appointment”Tenure of appointmentGenerally the appointment should be for a period between two to three years.Number of ad-hoc judgesThe number of ad hoc Judges should be in the range of two to five in a High Court.Role of ad-hoc judgesThe primary objective being to deal with long pending arrears,the said objective will be subserved by assigning more than five year old cases to the ad hoc Judges so appointed. However, this would not impinge upon the discretion of the Chief Justice of the High Court, if exigencies so demand for any particular subject matter even to deal with the cases less than five years old, though the primary objective must be kept in mind.A division bench only of ad-hoc judges can also be constituted to hear old cases.The Court also held that it would not be permissible for an ad hoc Judge to perform any other legal work whether it be advisory, of arbitration or appearance.Emoluments and allowancesThe emoluments and allowances of an ad hoc Judge should be at par with a permanent Judge of that Court at the relevant stage of time minus the pension. This is necessary to maintain the dignity of the Judge as also in view of the fact that all other legal work has been prohibited.The emoluments to be paid would be a charge on the Consolidated Fund of India consisting of salary and allowance.As far as housing accommodation is concerned, either the rent-free accommodation should be made available or the housing allowance should be provided on the same terms and conditions. For all practical purposes the ad hoc Judge would receive the same emoluments, allowances and benefits as are admissible to the permanent/additional Judge.The case has not been completely disposed and an interim order in the nature of a “continuing mandamus” has been passed.The matter will be next considered after four months. The Union Ministry of Law and Justice has been asked to file a report by then regarding the progress. “We have taken the first step with the hope and aspiration that all concerned would cooperate and retiring/retired Judges would come forth and offer their services in the larger interest of the Judiciary. The guidelines cannot be exhaustive and that too at this stage. If problems arise, we will endeavour to iron them out. We must set aside apprehensions, if any, to chart this course and we are confident that there will be a way forward”.Views of High Courts takenThe bench had held elaborate discussions with various Senior Advocates representing the High Courts in the matter. Senior Advocate Arvind P Datar, appearing for the Orissa High Court, had submitted a written note based on the discussions with other lawyers involved in the matter(the note of suggestions may be read here). The bench took note of the suggestions in the note and the stand of the Union of India while issuing the directions.The bench rejected the stand of the Union of India that ad-hoc appointments can be made only after regular vacancies are filled.”We are unable to accept the plea of the learned Attorney General that though the Government of India may not have any in principle opposition to the aforesaid, first the existing vacancies should be filled in. In our view, this would be a self-defeating argument because the very reason why at present Article 224A has been resorted to is non-filling up of vacancies and the mounting arrears”, the Court observed.Case DetailsTitle : Lok Prahari through its General Secretary V N Shukla IAS (Retd) vs Union of India and othersCoram : CJI SA Bobde, Justices SK Kaul and Surya KantCitation : LL 2021 SC 225Click here to read/download the judgmentNext Storylast_img read more

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